News

  • CFP: Confrontations: Sessions in East European Art

    CFP: Confrontations: Sessions in East European Art

    The Post-socialist Art Centre (PACT) at the Institute of Advanced Studies UCL, with support from the Getty Foundation’s Connecting Art Histories initiative, is launching a new research project entitled Confrontations: Sessions in East European Art History.

    Led by Dr Maja Fowkes and Dr Reuben Fowkes, the project investigates the entangled histories of East European art through a series of itinerant symposia held at pertinent locations across and beyond the region. By staging encounters between contrasting aesthetic and critical positions and creating conditions for comparative insights to crystallise, these sessions aim to instigate more rigorous and integrated accounts of East European art history. Acknowledging the singularity of individual practices, the multi-directional flow of artistic exchange and the generative effects of local circumstances, this transnational initiative is a contribution to an emergent global history of art from the Second World War till today.

    The title of the project refers to the series of Confrontations exhibitions held in Czechoslovakia in the years around 1960 and again in the spirit of post-modernist revival during the mid-1980s. While the original studio exhibitions were a means for young artists to challenge the dominance of socialist realism and figurative art by embracing the international style of art informel, those held at the end of the socialist period were organised in aesthetic opposition to the ethos of the dissident neo-avant-garde. What these two moments of contestation had in common was a willingness to challenge established artistic paradigms, a critical attitude to dominant institutions and a boldly experimental character. They also correspond chronologically to the two art historical periods with which this research project is primarily concerned.

    Early and mid-career scholars are encouraged to apply to participate in four meetings to be held in Ljubljana/Zagreb, Prague/Bratislava, London/Paris and Warsaw/Łódź over 2019-20. Each of the four sessions is conceived as a week-long gathering with a core group of participants who will engage in seminar discussions, give presentations of their research, as well as take part in a programme of visits to relevant sites such as museums, galleries, artist studios or specialist archives. The topics of each meeting will be devised to draw on the strengths of local collections and points of primary art historical interest in the specific cities in which they are held. Each participant is expected to actively participate in discussions and give two research papers over the course of the project. Travel and accommodation expenses will be covered. Participants must commit to attending all four meetings for the full duration.

    Applications are particularly sought from post-doctoral researchers and early career scholars from the countries of Central and Eastern Europe inclusive of the Baltic States and the Balkans, as well as from those who study the art history of the region from further afield. While researchers specialised in any aspect of post-war East European art history are encouraged to apply, we are keen to recruit participants with an interest in engaging with under-researched topics including socialist realism, art informel, neo-constructivism and pop art, as well as the post-avant-garde, post-modern and alternative art currents of the 1980s.

    To apply, please submit a single word or pdf document with:

    1) Your name, email address, institutional affiliation, and postal address.

    2) An applicant statement (approximately two pages)

    This should state what you would bring to the programme, the nature of your current work and involvement with East European art history, and what you believe you could gain through your participation in the Confrontations project.

    3) A short CV

    This should consist of a two-page CV, including a selection of your most relevant publications or research projects.

    For enquiries, please contact Maja Fowkes or Reuben Fowkes by email fowkes@translocal.org

    Please email the documents specified above as a single document to confrontations@translocal.org by Friday 9 November 2018.

    Selection of the participants will be made based on the recommendations of the project team comprising Dr Maja Fowkes (PACT UCL), Dr Reuben Fowkes (PACT UCL), Dr Pavlina Morganová (Academy of Fine Arts in Prague), Dr Tomasz Załuski (Institute of Contemporary Culture, University of Łódź) and Alina Șerban (art historian and curator, Bucharest).

    We aim to notify applicants of the outcomes by the end of November.

    For more information see: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/institute-of-advanced-studies/news/2018/oct/east-european-art-history-initiative-launched-support-getty-foundation-grant

    http://translocal.org/confrontations/index.html

  • CONF: Lost and Found Spaces: Displacements in Eastern European Art and Society in the 1990s

    The Kumu Art Museum’s fall conference 2018

    01.–03.11.2018 in the auditorium of the Kumu Art Museum

    The sixth Kumu Art Museum’s fall conference focuses on art and society in post-socialist Eastern Europe in the 1990s.

    Fundamental political, social and cultural changes that took place after the fall of the Berlin Wall and dissolution of the Soviet Union have been analysed in numerous publications and at many seminars and conferences. The Kumu Art Museum’s fall conference aims for a re-evaluation of these changes in relation to the notion of “space” and concepts of “spatiality”, and examines social and cultural processes in Eastern Europe in the 1990s through spatial interactions.

    The “spatial turn” in the humanities and social sciences in the late 1980s emerged at the crossroads of critical theory, poststructuralism, postcolonialism and other intellectual movements that shaped the last decades of the 20th century, and was inspired by the work of Michel Foucault, Henri Lefebvre, Doreen Massey, Jacques Derrida, Edward Said, Gayatri Spivak and others. The turn brought about a new kind of attentiveness to the agency of physical, but also conceptual or imaginary, space/s in social relations and cultural production. Space was not looked at as a neutral area or container where things take place and time flows through, but as something that organises and expresses power relations, gives meanings to events and is always part of what happens.

    Post-socialist spaces of the 1990s can be understood as physical, geographical, sociological, political, psychological, cultural, virtual or metaphorical spaces that are not necessarily fixed, but may be fluid and changeable. Eastern Europe can be looked at as one space or as a conglomerate of multiple spaces; the culture of the 1990s may be analysed through creation and destruction, foundation and disappearance, displacements and collisions of spaces.

    The conference focuses on Eastern European art histories, but also welcomes presentations from other disciplines that help to explain art historical processes. We are looking forward to both theoretical contributions and case studies of artistic phenomena from the 1990s.

    The conference will focus on five topics:

    I Lost and found spaces

    Old and new networks in the art world, new practices and technologies, thinking spaces and utopias, travelling and migration

    II Creating spaces

    The figure of the curator in the art scene, discursive models of curating, creating communities, new art events and institutions

    III Mapping spaces

    Role models in the global art world, conflicts between internal and external identities, power positions, included and excluded spaces

    IV Taking over spaces

    New strategies of self-assertion, alternatives for national and neoliberal narratives, critical exhibitions and institutions

    V Living spaces

    Everyday life, history and ways of remembering, subjective positions, gender relations and psychological changes in the art world

    The opening lecture will be held by Viktor Misiano. Invited speakers include Boris Buden (Berlin), Renata Salecl (University of Ljubljana), Madina Tlostanova (Linköping University) and Larry Wolff (New York University).

    Conference board: Anu Allas (Kumu Art Museum), Sirje Helme (Art Museum of Estonia), Anders Härm (Institute of Art History and Visual Culture at the Estonian Academy of Arts) and Viktor Misiano (Moscow Art Magazine).

    Along with the conference, an exhibition of Estonian art of the 1990s (curated by Eha Komissarov and Anders Härm) will open in the Kumu Art Museum, and the third Kumu Art Film Festival KuFF, which focuses on the film and video productions of the 1990s, will take place. Selected conference papers will be published in The Proceedings of the Art Museum of Estonia.

    Conference Programme

  • SHERA Emerging Scholar Prize - Call for Entries (Deadline: 22 October 2018)

    The Society of Historians of Eastern European, Eurasian, and Russian Art and Architecture (SHERA) is pleased to announce the second annual call for submissions for the SHERA Emerging Scholar Prize. The award aims to recognize and encourage original and innovative scholarship in the field of East European, Eurasian, and Russian art and architectural history. The winner will be announced at the Society’s annual meeting at ASEEES, scheduled for Friday, December 7, 2018.

    Applicants must have published an English-language article in a scholarly print or online journal, or museum print or online publication within the preceding twelve-month period. For the 2018 prize, articles published between September 30, 2017 and September 30, 2018 are eligible. Additionally, applicants are required to have received his or her PhD within the last 5 years (2013 or thereafter for the 2018 prize) and be a member of SHERA in good standing at the time that the application is submitted. The winner will be awarded $500 and republication (where copyright allows) or citation of the article on H-SHERA.

    To apply, please email a CV including contact information (email, mailing address, and telephone) and a copy of the English-language article with header/colophon of the journal or catalogue together with a brief abstract to shera.prizes@gmail.com no later than October 22, 2018.

    To join or renew membership in the Society of Historians of East European, Eurasian, and Russian Art and Architecture (SHERA), please visit http://shera-art.org/membership/join-shera.php.

    Last year’s awardee was Prof. Christina E. Crawford of Emory University for her essay “From Tractors to Territory: Socialist Urbanization through Standardization.”

  • CONF: On Archipelagos and Other Imaginaries—Collective Strategies to Inhabit the World

    CONF: On Archipelagos and Other Imaginaries—Collective Strategies to Inhabit the World

    reative Time is pleased to announce programming for its 11th Creative Time Summit, an annual convening for thinkers, dreamers, and doers working at the intersection of art and politics. The Summit will be held in Miami for the first time this November 1-3, 2018.

    Titled On Archipelagos and Other Imaginaries—Collective Strategies to Inhabit the World, it takes coalition as a central theme, and utilizes the archipelago as a framework to delve into Miami’s historical connection to the Caribbean and, by extension, to Latin America and the entire world. The topics under discussion will range from immigration and borders to climate realities notions of intersectional justice, gentrification, tourism as an enabler for neocolonialism, and the roles art and activism can play in all these pressing issues.

    “50 years after the upheavals of 1968, we continue to grapple with a host of pressing issues, from the ongoing legacies of colonialism to climate change and xenophobia,” said Creative Time Executive Director Justine Ludwig. “There’s no better place for this conversation than Miami, a home to so many incredible artists, activists, and thinkers. We couldn’t be prouder to host the summit here, or of the participants and the invaluable insights they’ll be bringing to bear on some of the most critical issues of our time.”

    This year’s summit is co-presented with the Miami-Dade County Department of Cultural Affairs, with leading support from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation as part of its Knight Arts Challenge. Passes are available on a sliding scale from $25 – $300 — register here. For the full program, click here.

    “Artists continue to be the leading voices in times of change,” stated Michael Spring, Senior Advisor to the Mayor and Director of the Miami-Dade County Department of Cultural Affairs. “Historically, our community has been a fulcrum of cultural and social change, and the Creative Time Summit offers a unique opportunity for artists to come together to explore the intersection of arts and politics in a city that continues to be at the center of it all. We are proud to co-present the summit and bring it to Miami for the first time.”

    CREATIVE TIME SUMMIT: On Archipelagoes And Other Imaginaries—Collective Strategies To Inhabit The World
    Thursday, November 1 – Saturday, November 3

    Thursday, November 1
    Opening Party at the Perez Art Museum Miami

    Friday, November 2
    Full day of main stage presentations at the Knight Concert Hall at the Adrienne Arsht Center

    Saturday, November 3
    Breakout sessions at various locations across Miami, and outdoor film series at SoundScape Park

    This year’s Summit commemorates a milestone in the history of international coalitions and solidarity: the resilience of the global uprisings of 1968. Half a century later, the Summit will gather dozens of cultural critics, artists, and activists to discuss strategies for political cooperation in the face of social unrest and environmental collective struggles.

    Miami is a symbol of connectedness — whether, as a polyglot city and hub for migration, in terms of our connections to one another, or, as a city already grappling with the effects of climate change, our dependence on the natural world. Embracing this context, On Archipelagoes and Other Imaginaries will shed light onto international migrations and depopulation, queer cultures, indigenous ways of being, tourism industries, and ecological disasters by engaging with de-colonial dialogues and new social imaginaries.

    The Summit will be broken up into four thematic sections: “Facing climate realities, reimagining a green future,” “Toward an intersectional justice,” “Resisting displacement and violence,” and “On boundaries and a borderless future.”

    These themes will be explored through community-driven breakout sessions, social events, roundtable discussions, workshops, panels, field trips, interactive performances, screenings, and other creative formats designed to share tools, strategies, and actions with over 1,000 international and local attendees. Breakout sessions will be happen across the city, working in collaboration with the community leaders and groups that preserve and honor these living histories, by de-centering knowledge bases, platforms for learning and the typical architects of change. The Summit will engage with the tools for resistance, solidarity, and coalition, while offering moments for celebration through programming at Summit social events.

    The Summit will hold its inaugural Film Series in Miami-Beach, featuring showings by filmmakers from the Miami-Florida area, the Caribbean, Latin America, and beyond, highlighting the richness and diversity of independent filmmaking. The selected films broadly engage with the major themes of this year’s Summit, encouraging thoughtful conversations around borders and migration, ecological struggles, gender politics, and economic inequality.

    Bhenji Ra, genderqueer performance and interdisciplinary artist; Vijay Prashad, Indian historian, journalist, and Executive Director of Tricontinental: Institute for Social Research; Brigada Puerta de Tierra, the grassroots artist collective from Puerto Rico; Timothy Morton, Professor and Rita Shea Guffey Chair in English at Rice University, and member of the object-oriented philosophy movement; Edwidge Danticat, Award-winning author of several books and 2009 MacArthur fellow; and Krudas Cubensi, Cuban activist, queer, and feminist hip hop group are amongst this year’s participants. Full list below.

    The 2018 Creative Time Summit is curated by Elvira Dyangani Ose in collaboration with Corina L. Apostol.

    PARTICIPANTS (LIST IN FORMATION) Participants include Zach Blas, Brigada Puerta de Tierra, Colectivo Universitario de Disidencia Sexual (CUDS), Houston Cypress, Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons, Edwidge Danticat (Keynote), Pablo Desoto, Marilyn Douala Bell, Elvis Fuentes, Krudas Cubensi, Anna Minton, Timothy Morton (Keynote), Yanelys Nuñez Leyva, Luis Manuel Otero Alcántara, Dan Perjovschi, Lia Perjovschi, Vijay Prashad (Keynote), Bhenji Ra, Colibrí Sanfiorenzo Barnhard, William Cordova, Maja and Reuben Fowkes, and more to be announced.

    CREATIVE TIME SUMMIT 2018 ADVISORY COUNCIL
    Elvis Fuentes, Independent Curator based in New York and Miami
    Jane Gilbert, Chief Resilience Officer, City of Miami
    Tom Healy, Writer and Curator based in Miami and New York
    Meena Jagannath, Co-founder of the Community Justice Project and Movement Lawyer based in Miami
    Gean Moreno, Curator of Programs, ICA Miami
    Sofía Gallisá Muriente, Co-director of Beta-Local, Puerto Rico
    Amanda Sanfilippo Long, Curator and Artist Manager of Art in Public Places, Miami-Dade County Department of Cultural Affairs, Director and Chief Curator of Fringe Projects, Miami Dr. Amanda Cachia, Accessibility Advisor, Curator and Disability Activist, based in California

    SUMMIT 2018 PROJECT SUPPORT
    2018 Creative Time Summit: On Archipelagos and Other Imaginaries: Collective Strategies to Inhabit the World is co-presented with Art in Public Places of the Miami-Dade County Department of Cultural Affairs with leading support from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation.

  • EXH: Erosion: Works by Leonard Ursachi

    EXH: Erosion: Works by Leonard Ursachi

    Derfner Judaica Museum + The Art Collection at Hebrew Home at Riverdale is pleased to announce its latest exhibition, Erosion: Works by Leonard Ursachi on view from July 15–November 18, 2018. In this exhibition featuring an outdoor sculpture, installation work, and related maquettes and drawings, Leonard Ursachi addresses themes of environmental and social crises caused by manmade events and reflects on how the destruction of natural resources is intimately interconnected with the effacement of human history and culture. What a Wonderful World (2018), a large-scale sculpture installed in Hebrew Home’s sculpture garden overlooking the Hudson River and Palisades, touches on the inextricable link between profitability and the destruction of the environment. Expanses of 23-karat gold leaf applied to the roughly textured, “tarred” oceans reference a global, often wealth-driven disregard for the impact of environmental choices. The continents, on the other hand, appear vast and devoid of life, signifying a stripping away of natural resources. Still, Ursachi’s vision implies hope: the sculpture’s egg shape may be read as the enduring, if fragile, potential for life.

    Also included in the exhibition is Rise and Shine (2010), a multi-media work that addresses the disappearance of the Romanian island of Ada Kaleh, which was submerged in the Danube River in 1970 by Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu in order to build a hydroelectric plant. Inside an aquarium-like receptacle, a model of the island cast from translucent urethane resin is lit from below, alternately drowned and resuscitated as water continuously rises and falls. The work addresses the disastrous effect such industrial projects have on human culture, displacing entire populations and literally washing away layers of history. The piece engages environmental themes and reflects the unchecked destruction that can occur under tyranny. Ceaușescu’s rule was one of the most brutal in the Eastern Bloc, with his secret police force routinely torturing and imprisoning suspected dissenters and political enemies. Ursachi was arrested for attempting to escape Romania by swimming across the Danube—near the spot where Ada Kaleh once stood—to reach Yugoslavia in 1978. His second attempt to defect, in 1980, was successful, and he was granted political asylum in France where he spent five years. He came to the United States via Canada and settled in New York in 1987.

  • OPP: SHERA Travel Grant Announcement

    Society of Historians of Eastern European, Eurasian and Russian Art and Architecture invites applications for a SHERA Travel Grant to the upcoming ASEEES 50th Annual Convention, Boston MA, December 6-9, 2018.

    GRANT AMOUNT: $1000 USD for travel from North America and $1,500 for travel from overseas (another continent)

    ELIGIBILITY:
    All applicants must be:

    1. A student working at either the master’s or doctoral level with a thesis or dissertation topic related to Eastern European, Eurasian and/or Russian art and/or Architecture;
    2. Presenting a paper at a panel at this year’s ASEEES Conference (chairs, discussants, and any other type of participants are not eligible to apply)
    3. A member of SHERA at the time of application;
    4. Live outside the conference city;
    5. Have not been recipients of this grant in the past.

    DEADLINE: August 15, 2018
    Notifications will be sent by September 15, 2018

    APPLICATIONS must be emailed to:
    SHERA Art and Architecture
    as well as Karen Kettering

    • Complete with contact information, paper title, and abstract,
    • Brief CV, listing relevant grants, publications, and talks.

    GRANT DISBURSEMENT:
    The grant will be disbursed at SHERA’s Business Meeting at the ASEEES conference by Vice President/President Elect Karen Kettering.

    Sincerely,
    SHERA Board

  • CFP: Eclecticism at the Edges: Medieval Art and Architecture at the Crossroads of the Latin, Greek, and Slavic Cultural Spheres (c.1300-c.1550)

    CFP: Eclecticism at the Edges: Medieval Art and Architecture at the Crossroads of the Latin, Greek, and Slavic Cultural Spheres (c.1300-c.1550)

    Date: April 5-6, 2019 Location: Princeton University

    Organizers: Alice Isabella Sullivan, Ph.D. (University of Michigan) Maria Alessia Rossi, Ph.D. (The Index of Medieval Art, Princeton University)

    Description: In response to the global turn in art history, this two-day symposium explores the temporal and geographic parameters of the study of medieval art, seeking to challenge the ways we think about the artistic production of Eastern Europe. Serbia, Bulgaria, and the Romanian principalities of Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania, among other centers, took on prominent roles in the transmission and appropriation of western medieval, byzantine, and Slavic artistic traditions, as well as the continuation of the cultural legacy of Byzantium in the later centuries of the empire, and especially in the decades after the fall of Constantinople in 1453.

    This symposium will be the first such initiative to explore, discuss, and focus on the art, architecture, and visual culture of regions of the Balkans and the Carpathians (c.1300-c.1550). We aim to raise issues of cultural contact, transmission, and appropriation of western medieval, byzantine, and Slavic artistic and cultural traditions in eastern European centers, and consider how this heritage was deployed to shape notions of identity and visual rhetoric in these regions from the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries. This event will offer a comparative and multi-disciplinary framework, ranging from art history to archeology and from material culture to architectural history.

    We aim to create a platform where scholars at various stages of their careers can discuss their research and engage in dialogue regarding the specificities but also the shared cultural heritage of these regions of Eastern Europe that developed eclectic visual vocabularies and formed a cultural landscape beyond medieval, byzantine, and modern borders.

    Papers could address topics that include, but are not limited to:  How cross-cultural contact facilitated the transfer, appropriation, and transmission of ideas and artistic traditions across geographical and temporal boundaries in Eastern Europe (c.1300-c.1550)  Artistic and iconographic developments as expressions of particular social, political, and ecclesiastical circumstances and dialogues in the Balkans and the Carpathians  The intentions and consequences of diplomatic missions and dynastic marriages in the visual agenda of eastern European centers  Workshop practices and traveling artists beyond medieval political and religious borders  Patronage and new constructs of identity before and after 1453

    Interested scholars should submit a paper title, a 500-word abstract, and a CV by August 15, 2018 to the organizers at: eclecticism.symposium@gmail.com

    Funds will be available to defray the cost of travel and accommodations for participants whose papers are accepted in the Symposium. So far, this event is supported in part by the International Center of Medieval Art (www.medievalart.org), the Society of Historians of East European, Eurasian, and Russian Art and Architecture (www.shera-art.org), as well as The Index of Medieval Art at Princeton University.

  • EXH: First U.S. Museum Retrospective of Soviet Nonconformist Artist Leonid Lamm

    EXH: First U.S. Museum Retrospective of Soviet Nonconformist Artist Leonid Lamm

    New Brunswick, NJ – With such rapid advances in digital tools, we sometimes find ourselves lamenting about artists who were ahead of their time, guessing what Leonardo could have done with a jet engine or Warhol, with Instagram. Regarding Soviet nonconformist artist Leonid Lamm (1928–2017), however, we do not have to wonder. With a career spanning 70 years, technology caught up to his artistic vision and he became one of the most surprising and versatile artists in the history of Soviet nonconformist and contemporary Russian-American art. Nevermore: Leonid Lamm, Selected Works, on view through September 30 at the Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers, examines his prolific career, which was stimulated by a lifelong inquiry into the multidimensional energy of space. More than 60 works on view represent three key periods: his early decades in the Soviet Union, the period following his move to the United States in the 1980s, and his incorporation of digital formats in more recent years. Free, public events that spotlight the exhibition include an evening reception on March 9 and Art After Hours: First Tuesdays on June 5. Details are available at www.zimmerlimuseum.rutgers.edu.

  • SHERA panel for CAA 2019

    Dear SHERA Members,

    Panel proposals for a SHERA sponsored panel for the 2019 CAA Annual Conference in New York, February 13-16, are invited.

    We encourage submission of proposals discussing issues of art or art history in any of the fields SHERA as a Society covers. The organizer of the panel must be a CAA member (membership number must be provided) as well as member of SHERA.

    Please submit your panel proposal to shera.artarchitecture@gmail.com by April 15, 2018. While SHERA’s Board will select the panel to be submitted on our Society’s behalf to CAA, be reminded that the ultimate decision of acceptance is CAA’s.

  • SHERA-Sponsored Panel at ASEEES 2018 and runners-up

    Dear Colleagues,

    The SHERA Board is pleased to announce the SHERA-sponsored panel to be held at the meeting of ASEEES in Boston from December 6-10 as well as two runners-up. While ASEEES does not have a mechanism for noting runners-up in the convention’s online or printed schedules, we would like to recognize particularly interesting panels as well as alerting the membership to their colleagues’ current and ongoing research. Thank you to everyone who took the time to submit a panel.

    Final confirmation of acceptance of panels will not be announced until June 1. After that time, SHERA’s board members will pull together a list of all panels potentially of interest to the membership. Members are all invited to announce their panels, together with dates and times, on H-SHERA after acceptance notifications are sent out in early May.

    The panel selected for 2018 is:

    The Passion for Collecting: Collectors and Their Collections in Imperial Russia (1800-1917)

    The panel is devoted to the history of private collections in the long nineteenth century in imperial Russia. It discusses collections, collectors and their collecting practices in order to explore collectors’ purposes and intellectual pursuits, the exhibiting and popularization of collected objects, art and artifacts, and debates triggered by collections’ display.

    Chair: Kyeann Sayer, PhD Candidate (University of Hawai’i at Manoa)

    Laura Schlosberg, PhD (Stanford University), “Zinaida Volkonskaia’s Allée de Souvenirs at the Villa Wolkonsky in Rome”

    The paper examines Volkonskaia’s Allée de Souvenirs as a historical and autobiographical creation, a collection with both personal and educational purposes. While Diego Angeli identified the Allée as an expression of Volkonskaia’s nostalgia, the Allée presents a historical narrative, one in conversation with its Roman setting connecting Russia to European civilization.

    Hanna Chuchvaha, PhD (Independent scholar), “Craftswomen and Stitches: Print Collections of Female Crafts in Late Imperial Russia (1860-1917)”

    The paper analyzes the specific female collectors’ focus on objects associated with women, their pastimes, domesticity and femininity understood as an expression of both self and group identity. The paper explores the printed albums of female crafts collected and published by Sofia Davydova, Olena Pchilka, Princess S. N. Shakhovskaia, Natalia Shabel’skaia’s daughters, and Ebba Salwen.

    Isabel Stokholm, PhD Candidate (University of Cambridge), “‘Having glimpsed the light, one does not wish for darkness’: Reform and Rehang in the Tretyakov Gallery, 1913-1917”

    The paper explores four years of upheaval and change in the Tretyakov, bookended by the publication of its first scholarly catalogue in 1917. It examines how Russia’s artistic community engaged with the gallery when it was still finding its feet in the transition from private to national, following the death of Pavel Tretyakov fourteen years prior.

    Discussant: Alla Myzelev, PhD (SUNY, Geneseo)

    As noted above, we hope that all those attending the 2018 meeting will note the two submitted panels selected as runners-up:

    Culture’s Industry, Industry’s Culture: Negotiation of Art, Craft and Industry through the Soviet Mid-Century
    Christianna Bonin, Presenter and Chair, PhD Candidate, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Olivia Crough, Presenter, PhD Candidate, Harvard University
    Suheyla Takesh, Presenter, SMArchS Candidate, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Dr. Maria Mileeva, Discussant, Teaching Fellow, University College London

    Perhaps more than any other topos, the industrial factory has shaped conceptions of Soviet art in historical and contemporary imaginations. Its salience is evident in the divergent ways that artists, critics, and political officials debated and performed the effects of industrial mass production on art-making across the Soviet mid-century: from the 1920s, when the production line became the key to training “engineerartists” and socializing art by removing it from allegedly backward handcraft and bourgeois studio practices; to the 1960s, when a growing number of historians and preservationists viewed industrialization as a threat to traditional cultures and craft skills. Questioning culture’s changing relationship to labor and industry, this panel examines the effects of the industrial factory as both a real and imagined site on artists and their work. Our case studies focus on artists from or practicing across Central Asia, Russia, and the Middle East because their work critically reveals the extent of Soviet cultural and industrial hegemony, as well as shifts in the utility of local practice to industry before and after World War II. In each of our case studies, we consider the circulation and commoditization of objects and practical knowledge into market goods, collectibles and tourism industries. Countering the belief that modern industry eliminates craft or tradition, this panel reveals how these concepts operate in tandem in the Soviet context.

    The first paper considers Varvara Stepanova’s role in the state publishing industry, as a woman designer and art director, parsing how publications such as 10 years of Soviet Uzbekistan (1934) produces relations between Central Asian culture, craft, and the cotton industry in the 1930s. The second paper analyzes a hybrid form of painting made by a young generation of Kazakh artists in 1960s Almaty. Aware that the introduction of industrial labor and a system of fine art education had deskilled or eliminated certain forms of Kazakh carpet-making, this group combined older carpet-making techniques with the primitivist aesthetics of Western artists in their paintings in order to perform their modernity internationally, while also appealing to state-led craft revival programs. The third paper examines the work of Iraqi artist Mahmoud Sabri, who studied in Moscow in the 1960s under socialist realist painter Aleksandr Deineka” and utilized the aesthetic and craft technique of Orthodox icon painting in works attending to the trauma of Communists’ repression in Iraq.

    Exhibiting Artistic Change: Social and Aesthetic Dimensions of Art Exhibitions in Imperial Russia

    This panel aims to explore the changing role, function, and format of art exhibitions in Imperial Russia. Advocating an interdisciplinary approach, the panel will address both the aesthetic and the social aspects of art exhibitions. The aesthetic aspect will include examination of the manner in which the state, academies, voluntary societies, art groups and individual artists represent their aesthetic agenda through the exhibition medium; the extent to which the exhibition can be instrumental in constructing and promoting national identity; and the ways in which art exhibitions affected the development of the art historical narratives. The social aspect will explore both the political and commercial dimensions of the exhibition practice: to which extent did art exhibitions contribute to the expansion of the public art scene in Russia? What was the role of the art market, state (censorship), voluntary societies, artists, critics and viewers in this process? How did the art exhibition as a marketing tool change over time and what were the social and artistic implications?

    Chair: Aglaya Glebova, UC Irvine

    Margaret Samu, The New School, Parsons School of Design, Art Exhibitions at Auctions and Estate Sales in St. Petersburg 1750–1850
    Where could St. Petersburgers see and learn about works of art in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries? Most scholarly literature about this period dwells on the absence of art on public view in the capital, relieved only by the triennial exhibitions at the Imperial Academy of Arts. Recent research, however, shows that exhibitions held before auctions and estate sales served as important venues for members of the literate classes to develop their knowledge of art and hone their connoisseurial skills. Because these exhibitions did not charge admission, nor require viewers to make purchases, they allowed non-elite classes the same opportunity to view art as the nobility who bought works for their collections. Drawing on newspaper announcements, sale inventories, and other primary sources, this paper will examine the role of these exhibitions in the development of taste and visual literacy in St. Petersburg before the mid-nineteenth century.

    Nikita Balagurov, Higher School of Economics Saint Petersburg, Inventing the Russian School of Art at the 1882 All-Russian Exhibition
    Abstract. In Moscow in 1882, the state-sponsored All-Russian Exhibition for the first time showcased achievements in the arts, along with those in heavy and light industries. Celebrating Tsar Alexander II’s reign, this Art Section, entitled “Twenty-Five Years of Russian Art”, became the first comprehensive survey of contemporary Russian art. By reconstructing the ideological, social and aesthetic aspects of the section, this paper scrutinizes this earliest attempt to formulate a narrative of a Russian “national school of art,” which was then further developed by the critic Vladimir Stasov in his influential essay by the same title (1882–1883) and in the founding of the Russian Museum of Alexander III in Saint Petersburg in 1898.

    Andrey Shabanov, European University at St Petersburg, The End of the “Salons” in Russia and Western Europe
    Abstract. The most defining professional emancipation of Russian artists in the late nineteenth century occurred with the privatization of art exhibitions — from an exhibition ruled by the Academy or other state-sponsored institutions, to one that was independently run. This change was realized by the Peredvizhniki (known in English as the Wanderers or Itinerants), which consisted of Moscow and St Petersburg artists who organized touring art exhibitions. The present paper will explore this major shift in exhibiting practices in Russia and its broader aesthetic and social implications. It will also examine how these changes related to similar late nineteenth-century institutional developments in Western Europe.

    Discussants:
    Maria Mileeva, University College London, Research and Teaching Fellow
    Jane Sharp, Rutgers University